In countless myths and legends of the peoples of the world refers to the underground cities and underground civilizations of the vast network of interconnected tunnels across the globe. Myths about the hollow Earth evidence of these underground portals. Remember the mysterious history of the tunnels and galleries of caves in the Cueva de los Tayos in Ecuador, or the stories of the entrances to the underground worlds, supposedly located in the Andes, the Himalayas, the Gobi Desert, Turkey, and even under the Sphinx at Giza.
The hollow earth theory and forwarding in the Arctic. The hollow earth theory states that the Earth is hollow planet, entrances to the underworld scattered across its surface, including about both polar pole. This theory has been known since ancient times, and scientists, in particular Edmund Halley, defended it throughout history.
Since 1818 American John Cleves Simms passionately defended this theory. According to him, within our planet is the underworld, lit a tiny sun, there are mountains, forests, and lakes. Simms has organized a national campaign to raise funds needed to send an expedition to the Arctic to find the entrance to the underworld. He even sent a proposal to the Congress of the United States with the intent to receive government assistance.
Unfortunately, he died before the government allocated funds. North Pole expedition was organized in 1838, although, in truth, her goals were not so altruistic. In fact, the government wanted to explore the North Pole, as it was part of Antarctica has not yet conquered the world powers, as well as the south pole. The expedition led by Charles Wilkes lasted four years, they explored the vast Arctic territory, but did not find any signs of the transition to the ground.
However, the idea Simms remained in the minds of some writers, who love to search and strive to embody impossible dreams. Thus, Edgar Allan Poe, Jules Verne, and Lovecraft, among many others paid tribute to the fascinating theory of a hollow Earth. In the XX century, too, there were those who tried to get access to this mysterious world beneath the earth’s crust. For example, some of the Nazi leaders, fans of ancient myths and occultists in Germany have shown a particular interest in this theory.
The history of the theory of a hollow Earth Edmond Halley (1656 – 1742 gg.), The British scientist who discovered and studied the comet that now bears his name, It may have been the first to put forward a scientific hypothesis about the hollow Earth. After a series of observations of Earth’s magnetic field Halley concluded that the observed anomalies can be explained only by the fact that the Earth is divided into two areas: foreign firm and the inner hollow, each has its magnetic axis.
Later, the American scientist Cyrus Teed said that mathematically impossible to distinguish whether we are inside or outside the sphere, so it is possible that we are living inside a hollow universe. In the center – the sun with planets and stars, bright only for us, because sunlight is reflected from the concave surface of the Earth. This land was called Koresh – its name in Hebrew. Teed even founded a church and its adherents actively defended the idea, at least until 1982.
At the dawn of the twentieth century, scientists William Reed and Marshall Gardner searched for evidence of the existence of the underworld. They lead one of the most interesting facts – air and water temperature increases as you get closer to the North Pole. They also argued that mammoths are not extinct, but still live in the bowels of the Earth. Some Nazi leaders also supported the theory of a hollow Earth. Adolf Hitler believed in it, but on condition that this place is only for pure and perfect Aryans. German esoteric society “Thule” has put forward similar hypothesis associated with the legends of the underground kingdom of Agartha and Shambhala.
Meanwhile, the first man, flown over the North Pole in 1947, Richard Byrd, in his report, wrote that he “looked about 26 000 km around and over the pole. ” On the basis of his words – “for the pole” – the defenders of the theory of a hollow Earth accused the US government (funded trip Byrd) in the concealment of the facts. They believed that Byrd went into the inner Earth.
Shambhala and Agartha Myths old as humanity itself, including myths about the creatures that inhabit the depths of the Earth. In contrast to the angels of heaven, traditionally believed that demons live under the ground. A striking example is the Christian hell. Unlike Christians, Buddhists in Central Asia believe that the underground is a beautiful country – or Agartha.
The people there are much more beautiful and wiser than we are, it is ruled by a king who can read people’s souls. For thousands of years, Tibetan scholars talked about the underground world, stating that they are in contact with the king of the underworld, who is also the supreme ruler of the planet. They speak and write about the tunnel linking Tibet with the inner world (which they defend), and note that there are many other inputs, scattered throughout the world, in particular under the great pyramids of Egypt and South America.
Entrances to the underground cities are said to exist in and around the vast Amazon basin, for example, connecting the lost city of El Dorado with the rest of the ancient world. The capital of the inner world, and therefore the whole world is said to Shambhala, where the ruler of the world surrounded by advanced beings who are taught of humanity science, art, religion and philosophy.
The spiritual government of humanity that is in Shambhala, may be located in the vicinity of the former Afghan Balkh – the “mother of cities”, writes the well-known scientist, tibetoved Alexandra David-Neel. After the Muslim conquest of Afghanistan’s Balkh became known in Persian Shams-i-Bala (High candle), the name seems to have formed from the Sanskrit word “Shambhala”.